In 1984, the UK and China signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, a treaty lodged at the UN, setting the stage for the reunification of Hong Kong with China
In 1984, the UK and China signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, a treaty lodged at the UN, setting the stage for the reunification of Hong Kong with China
The Joint Declaration with China stated Hong Kong’s way of life would remain unchanged for 50 years...
The Joint Declaration with China stated Hong Kong’s way of life would remain unchanged for 50 years...
...and the city's rights and freedoms would be protected
...and the city's rights and freedoms would be protected
In 1997, Hong Kong was handed over to China. Some started to worry China would not keep its promises
In 1997, Hong Kong was handed over to China. Some started to worry China would not keep its promises
Soon enough, in 2003, the Hong Kong government introduced a National Security Bill. If passed, it would apply legal concepts from mainland China that were incompatible with the rights and freedoms in Hong Kong. The government withdrew the bill after major public outcry
Soon enough, in 2003, the Hong Kong government introduced a National Security Bill. If passed, it would apply legal concepts from mainland China that were incompatible with the rights and freedoms in Hong Kong. The government withdrew the bill after major public outcry
The situation started to improve in 2007, when the National People's Congress, China's parliament, proclaimed a schedule for selecting Hong Kong's leader and her parliament by universal suffrage
The situation started to improve in 2007, when the National People's Congress, China's parliament, proclaimed a schedule for selecting Hong Kong's leader and her parliament by universal suffrage
But China did not keep its promises. In 2014, the People's Congress announced that the candidates of Hong Kong's leader would be screened by a small election committee, designed specifically to ensure Beijing's control. The Umbrella Movement broke out.
But China did not keep its promises. In 2014, the People's Congress announced that the candidates of Hong Kong's leader would be screened by a small election committee, designed specifically to ensure Beijing's control. The Umbrella Movement broke out.
In the same year, the British Foreign Affairs Select Committee was banned by China from entering Hong Kong on their planned visit to inquire the progress of the implementation of the Declaration. In an emergency parliamentary debate on the unprecedented ban, Richard Ottaway, the chairman of the committee, revealed that Chinese officials stated that the Declaration was "now void and only covered the period from the signing in 1984 until the handover in 1997."
In the same year, the British Foreign Affairs Select Committee was banned by China from entering Hong Kong on their planned visit to inquire the progress of the implementation of the Declaration. In an emergency parliamentary debate on the unprecedented ban, Richard Ottaway, the chairman of the committee, revealed that Chinese officials stated that the Declaration was "now void and only covered the period from the signing in 1984 until the handover in 1997."
In 2015, five book publishers of Causeway Bay Books, a bookstore that sold political books that were legal in Hong Kong but prohibited in China, were “vanished” one after another. Some were found to be unlawfully taken to and detained in China. Philip Hammond, the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, stated that the incident “constitutes a serious breach of the Declaration on Hong Kong and undermines the principle of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ which assures Hong Kong residents of the protection of the Hong Kong legal system.”
In 2015, five book publishers of Causeway Bay Books, a bookstore that sold political books that were legal in Hong Kong but prohibited in China, were “vanished” one after another. Some were found to be unlawfully taken to and detained in China. Philip Hammond, the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, stated that the incident “constitutes a serious breach of the Declaration on Hong Kong and undermines the principle of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ which assures Hong Kong residents of the protection of the Hong Kong legal system.”
In 2016, three activists were barred from running in the Hong Kong parliamentary elections for their political views. That same year, two democratically elected lawmakers with similar views were retroactively disqualified over the "manner of their oath-taking". Four more lawmakers were disqualified in 2017 over the same accusation.
In 2016, three activists were barred from running in the Hong Kong parliamentary elections for their political views. That same year, two democratically elected lawmakers with similar views were retroactively disqualified over the "manner of their oath-taking". Four more lawmakers were disqualified in 2017 over the same accusation.
Also in 2017, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that the Declaration, which effected Hong Kong’s Handover in 1997, was merely a “historical document and does not have any practical significance”, adding “it also does not have any binding power on how the Chinese central government administers Hong Kong. Britain has no sovereignty, no governing power and no supervising power over Hong Kong.”
Also in 2017, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that the Declaration, which effected Hong Kong’s Handover in 1997, was merely a “historical document and does not have any practical significance”, adding “it also does not have any binding power on how the Chinese central government administers Hong Kong. Britain has no sovereignty, no governing power and no supervising power over Hong Kong.”
In 2019, the Hong Kong government proposed an Extradition Bill that would expose anyone within Hong Kong to the notoriously arbitrary and inhumane penal system of China, whose human rights track record is atrocious. Two million Hongkongers took to the streets to protest.
In 2019, the Hong Kong government proposed an Extradition Bill that would expose anyone within Hong Kong to the notoriously arbitrary and inhumane penal system of China, whose human rights track record is atrocious. Two million Hongkongers took to the streets to protest.
As time passed, China has been increasingly egregious in its breaches of the Declaration. Over the years, our media outlets have been co-opted, the promised universal suffrage denied, democratically-elected legislators disqualified, peaceful activists jailed, judicial independence eroded, and dissidents abducted from Hong Kong and reappeared in China for show trials. Most recently, an Extradition Bill was introduced to legalise such alleged abductions. Millions have marched peacefully against the bill only to be met with excessive force from the police.
As time passed, China has been increasingly egregious in its breaches of the Declaration. Over the years, our media outlets have been co-opted, the promised universal suffrage denied, democratically-elected legislators disqualified, peaceful activists jailed, judicial independence eroded, and dissidents abducted from Hong Kong and reappeared in China for show trials. Most recently, an Extradition Bill was introduced to legalise such alleged abductions. Millions have marched peacefully against the bill only to be met with excessive force from the police.
Will you help us protect Hong Kong's freedom, and make sure Britain's treaties are honoured? If so, please speak to your MP.
Will you help us protect Hong Kong's freedom, and make sure Britain's treaties are honoured? If so, please speak to your MP.